Recommended Development Concept
Talisayan-Ayala-Recodo-Cawit Cluster - Industrial Town Development
The West Coast Heavy Industrial Site actually covers portions of four core barangays namely, Talisayan, Recodo and Cawit, with Ayala as the center among them, being the one with the most number of available services and facilities. Its land coverage is approximately 294 hectares and runs approximately seven kilometers of the national highway. That is about 13.35 kilometers from the city proper starting at Cawit up to Talisayan, which is about 20.00 kilometers. Of the four barangays, Recodo is the most populated at about 19,760, followed by Ayala at 13,487, then Talisayan at 5,991 and Cawit at 4,840, all as projected for the year 2005. In terms of land area, however, Recodo is the smallest at 183.8622 hectares with Talisayan as the largest at 1,541.6284 hectares. Ayala has 539.2876 hectares and Cawit has 375.1392 hectares.
The main industry in Cawit and Recodo is shipping yard and/or boat building and repair, while the major canning factories are located in Ayala and Talisayan. The main sources of income in the area are farming, fishing and employment in the canning factories and shipyard industry. There is a strong indication that coconut farming can boost the economic progress of the barangays as coconut products continue to maintain a huge level of demand in the international market. Factories for coco-based products like production of virgin coconut oil, cooking oil, soap and other products can be a profitable and productive business for local and foreign companies and enterprises.
This growth area also has access to communication and information with the presence of communication facilities like telephone provided by PLDT, telegraph, handheld radios, and cable television. The residents continue to enjoy the incessant supply of electricity by the ZAMCELCO sub-office, as well as regular water supply by the ZCWD office. Community health centers provide the basic health care needs and services. Education is not also a problem with strategically located primary, secondary and vocational/technical schools. Government offices are likewise visible in the area.
Among its landmarks, the Our Lady of Mount Carmel, founded in September 8, 1871 provides historical sites for Ayala. Existing resorts and beaches found in the area are tourism development potentials. The Dreamville supermarket, Country Homes Subdivision and construction of two (2) communication cell sites are proofs of its economic potential.
Proposed Spatial Development of Talisayan-Ayala-Recodo-Cawit Cluster
In the Master Development of the City and the New Zoning Ordinance, the Heavy Industrial Zone is in the west coast area and is approximately 294 hectares. This covers about seven (7) kilometers of the National Highway from Cawit to Talisayan and on its eastern side, five Hundred (500) meters from the center of the National Highway and the entire western side thereof. The spatial patterns of the rest of the areas of these barangays may be seen in the Zoning Map, as well as their delineations and classifications as Residential Zone, Agricultural Zone or Irrigated Rice fields. The possibility of reclaiming a portion of the coastal area for a small coastal park and a container yard, to facilitate mobility and decongest the city, is proposed in the Master Development Plan (MDP). Per Sangguniang Panlungsod Resolution, this may be from Sinunuc to Cawit, subject of course to the various studies needed, like EIS and its feasibility.
The focus of this paper therefore is just the entire Heavy Industrial Area, which actually had been classified as such even under the old Zoning Ordinance. This is because the city had envisioned this secondary growth area to be the center of industrial development. However, in spite of its potential as a booming economic growth area, the booming growth has never reached its peak. Careful identification and consideration on the factors for delaying said growth during the formulation of the Development Plan for this growth center therefore, is important and must be done at the initial stage of planning if possible, to avoid previous mistakes, if there are any. Further, even if the focus is more on the industrial area, the plan will still have to consider a wider area perspective.
Considering the ZAMBOECOZONE area as part of this growth area is also necessary, because of its location, which is just less than a kilometer away, to deflect competition and possible conflict. Conflict can also be on the various incentives offered by the ZAMBOECOZONE and in the Investment Code of the City to encourage investments in this area, as well as to protect our local investors. However, its development shall still be in accordance with its own development plan and with minimum government intervention.
Proposed Development Strategy
For this area to be able to perform its role as a secondary growth center and the site for heavy industrial activities and to support in the over-all development of the city, growth-with-equity policy approach to development must be taken. The integration of urban and rural development is an essential spatial dimension for equitable growth planning. To attain this, especially with limited resources, the city needs to build this area on existing spatial structures, organizational arrangements, behavioral patterns, economic and social institutions and culturally imbedded methods and practices thus, transforming them into more productive instruments of growth and change. This implies that, to become an Industrial Town, a complex set of linkages, like physical, economic, technological and social linkages, and even population movement, service delivery and political, administrative and organizational patterns, must play potentially important roles in the transformation.
On the other hand, people not planners or government agencies build towns or cities. The limited ability of planning authorities to enforce regulatory systems of development control, due to limited administrative capacity and political will and weakness of the legal system, as well as the fundamental concept of property we have in the country, all these call for the need to identify alternative ways of influencing the pattern of development.
Focus on infrastructure development is one possible alternative recommended; in this case, planners need to be involved in the entire budgeting process, in order to be able to influence the patterns of service delivery, construction of infrastructure facilities and operation and maintenance. Thus, planners must be able to have a complete perspective of the entire pattern of investment. However, fundamentally, the allocation of resources between competing claimants is something that is essentially political in nature. To counter balance this somehow, encourage a dominant role or participation of the different private sectors and truly sincere advocacy groups.
The setting up of a “Satellite Office” in the west coast, as proposed in the Master Development Plan (MDP), is also spatially advantageous if it will be located here. The strong presence of government in this area will manifest the serious intent of the government and a come-on to the private sector.
Likewise, as an Industrial Town, never take for granted the environmental aspect of development. Thus, developments herein shall fully conform to the accepted international environmental standards especially concerning industrial waste generation, waste handling, waste disposal and other pollution related concerns. The City adheres to the concept of sustainable development at all times. Hence, the establishment of a strong feedback mechanism for proper and effective monitoring and evaluation in every stage of implementation and operations is important.